It is legally possible in Iceland to rework the patronymic into a matronymic, replacing the father's name with the mother's. 20.4% (male 35,418/female 33,887) Recent DNA analysis suggests that around 66 percent of the male settler-era population was of Norse ancestry, whereas the female population was 60 percent Celtic. All living Icelanders, as well as all foreign citizens with permanent residence in Iceland, have a personal identification number (kennitala) identifying them in the National Registry. Population: 317,351 (July 2014) World Factbook Iceland is a Nordic country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. It has a population of 325,671 and an area of 103,000 km², making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. Additionally, 100% of the population has improved access to clean drinking water and only 1.2% of the population struggles with access to improved sanitation facilities. 1.01 male: 1 female Iceland ranks at number 4 in the World Happiness Report in 2018, with a rating of 7.495. under 15 years: Migration (including immigration and emigration) increases population by 380 people yearly.  According to historian Gunnar Karlsson, "migration from Iceland is unique in that most went to Canada, whereas from most or all other European countries the majority went to the United States. (2016 est. ), Icelandic (English and a second Nordic language, Danish by default, are also a part of the Icelandic compulsory education), CIA World Factbook demographic statistics, Guðbjört Guðjónsdóttir. (July 2014) One genetic study of Icelanders found most men were of Nordic origin while most women were of Gaelic origin. One notable Icelander who has an inherited family name is football star Eiður Smári Guðjohnsen. 80.9 years It has been estimated that around 17,000 Icelanders emigrated to North America in the period 1870–1914, with some 2,000 people returning to Iceland. Migration (including immigration and emigration) increases population by 380 people yearly. As living conditions improved, the population began to grow, eventually hitting 60,000 in 1850 then 320,000 by 2008. The original population of the island was of Gaelic and Nordic origin based on genetic analysis and literary evidence from the island's settlement. Population of Iceland from 1960 to 2020 (historical), Copyright © 2020 populationof.net All rights reserved, 346,375 people at present (Thursday 15th of October 2020). 0–14 years: United States and Iceland living comparison. Iceland ranks at number 4 in the World Happiness Report in 2018, with a rating of 7.495. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. The capital and largest city of Iceland is Reykjavik, which is also the northernmost capital in the world and a major tourist destination. using our country comparison tool. Iceland is also rare in that it is one of the few European nations with a fertility rate well above the replacement rate at 2.1 children born per woman.  Estimates show that the number of immigrants could be as high as 15% of the total population by 2030.. 26,448,193 The United States consumes 2.4822 gallons of oil per day per capita while Iceland consumes 2.7468 This entry is the total oil consumed in gallons per day (gal/day) divided by the population. ", A 2017 study looking at individuals going to the capital area for higher education found that "Only about one in three [University of Iceland] students from regions beyond commuting distance return after graduation, while about half remain in the capital area and others mostly emigrate. Iceland. The population of Iceland is expected to grow by 2,000 in 2020 and reach 347,000 in 2021. Iceland exported fresh fish to Britain and salted cod to southern Europe, with Portugal an important export market. The Capital Region accounts for 64% of Iceland's total population. ), at birth: Click to skip ahead and jump to the 10 fastest growing cities in the us by population growth. 99% of the nation's inhabitants live in urban areas (localities with populations greater than 200) and 60% live in the Capital Region. Contrary to most European countries, this promotion campaign was successful in Iceland, because emigration was only just about to start from there and Icelandic emigrants had no relatives in the United States to help them take the first steps". For example, Magnús and Anna, children of a man named Pétur Jónsson, would have the full name Magnús Pétursson and Anna Pétursdóttir, respectively. The largest ethnic minority is Polish at 3% of the population. 39.88% (male 68,579/female 66,899) The population of Iceland since settlement times has probably wavered between about 30,000 and 80,000. The population of Iceland is expected to grow by 2,000 in 2020 and reach 347,000 in 2021. The first census of Iceland found a population of more than 50,000 in 1703, which declined to 40,000 after massive eruptions of the Laki volcano between 1783 and 1784. Iceland is approximately 103,000 sq km, Iceland's largest ethnic minority comprises Polish immigrants in Iceland. Definition: This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík.Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. ), Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 69.9%, Roman Catholic 3.8%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.9%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 2%, Asatru Association 1.1%, The Independent Congregation 1%, other religions 4% (includes Zuist and Pentecostal), none 6.1%, other or unspecified 9.2% (2017 est.  Iceland remained extremely homogenous from Settlement until the twentieth century. Signing in allows you to ask questions in our community, contribute to our cost of living database, and more. Quality of Life in Iceland. Most Icelandic people are descendants of Norwegian settlers, and of Gaels from Ireland and Scotland who were brought over as slaves during the Settlement of Iceland in the ninth century CE. 55–64 years: In 1905 came the first motorised fishing vessel, which marked an important step in the development of a specialised fishing industry in Iceland. Being ‘the Damned Foreigner’: Affective National Sentiments and Racialization of Lithuanians in Iceland. An example would be 120192-3389. ), total population: This number is composed of 10 digits, whereof the first six are made up of the individual's birth date in the format DDMMYY. Data according to Statistics Iceland, which collects the official statistics for Iceland. 65 years and over: Total Iceland population should reach 344,000 by 2020 and should increase to 388,000 people by year 2050.  But, while it is popularly believed in Iceland that racism does not exist there, there is evidence that in some respects immigrant populations experience prejudice and inequalities. However, that harsh geographical landscape is one of the reasons why it's population remains so low. Thus it has little in common with traditional surnames except for its position after the given name. Skaptadóttir, UD 2004, ‘Mobilities and cultural difference: immigrant’s experiences in Iceland’ in Topographies of globalization: politics, culture, language, eds V Ingimundarson, K Loftsdóttir & I Erlingsdóttir, The University of Iceland Press, Reykjavík pp. 55–64: The United States consumes 2.4822 gallons of oil per day per capita while Iceland consumes 2.7468 This entry is the total oil consumed in gallons per day (gal/day) divided by the population. Coordinates. Although the trade monopoly ended in 1787, Icelanders could not trade freely with other countries until 1855. Immigrants and persons with foreign background 2017, "Efnahagslegt sjónarhorn á móttöku flóttamanna", "Seasonality of birth rates in agricultural Iceland", "University pathways of urban and rural migration in Iceland", "Aldrei lægra hlutfall Íslendinga í Þjóðkirkjunni – Zúistar nærri 1 prósent þjóðarinnar", "Population projection by main indicators 2013–2061", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", A 2012 report by the Ministry of Welfare on migration to and from Iceland 1961–2011, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Iceland&oldid=981065788, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Natural increase from January–June 2019 =, Natural increase from January–June 2020 =, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 02:24.  There is some evidence that racism is not as acute in Iceland as in neighbouring countries. Gunnar J. Gunnarsson, Gunnar E. Finnbogason, Hanna Ragnarsdóttir and Halla Jónsdóttir. Wikipedia. Almost all of Iceland’s inhabited areas are located in coastal parts around the country. The population density of Iceland has changed from 2.3 in 1980 to 3.4 in 2018. The demographics of Iceland constitutes of 171,000 women and 173,000 men, which means there are 1,012 men per 1000 women. It has a population of 325,671 and an area of 103,000 km², making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. It's believed that the city was the site of the first permanent settlement on the island, founded sometime around AD 870. The 2019 population density in Iceland is 3 people per Km 2 (9 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 100,250 Km2 (38,707 sq. Wikipedia, Population: United States 9,447% larger than Iceland. For more details, see an in-depth As far as age distribution goes, 26.2% of population (90,059) is 19 or younger, 57.9% of population (199,142) is between age 20 and 64 and 15.6% of population (53,698) is over 65.
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