Females express their sexual receptiveness by the scent of their urine and through vocalizations.

Fish and Wildlife Service. NPS / Rodney Cammauf. In rural neighborhoods, we help fund and construct sturdy enclosures to protect pets and small livestock from panthers and other predators to avoid conflict. Panthers are solitary, elusive animals and are rarely observed in the wild. During this time, there was an anti-predator sentiment and panthers were killed out of fear.

The predator-resistant enclosures that we use in rural neighborhoods are not applicable to these larger landscapes, so we are working with ranchers and other members of the Panther Recovery Team to improve incentive programs to help offset monetary losses when panthers kill commercial livestock.

Further loss of adult panther habitat is likely to reduce the prospects for survival of the existing population, and decrease the probability of natural expansion of the population into south-central Florida. If you live in panther country, practice proven coexistence techniques. They are solitary and territorial animals that travel hundreds of miles within their home ranges. By far the greatest threats to Florida panthers are habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation — all driven by Florida's burgeoning human population and the developments and highways that accommodate it.


Not only is the panther literally running out of space given how much of their historic habitat has already been lost to development, but further flooding would also hurt the white-tailed deer population, a critical source of food for this rare cat. Mating Season: Throughout the year, with a peak in winter/spring

The Panther can run up to 35 miles an hour for a short distance, but when it comes to hunting they prefer to stalk their prey and make a spring shot attack. This past year we have blocked harmful pipelines, mining, and drilling projects; stopped old-growth logging; and defended keystone species and bedrock environmental laws.

Florida panthers once prowled and flourished in woodlands and swamps throughout the Southeast. Stay informed on how we hold accountable those who break our environmental laws. Panthers historically ranged across the southeastern United States including Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and parts of Tennessee and South Carolina. Large carnivores require large areas to roam. Some Florida panthers have a crook at the end of the tail, which is thought to come from inbreeding. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Tallahassee, FL. This species has a dorsal cowlick and white specks on its fur, which are thought to occur due to tick bites.

Panthers are mostly active between dusk and dawn, resting during the heat of the day.

After this, it will hunt while under the close eye of its mother. Habitat and Range.

In any need to get out of a habitat the Florida Panther has developed the ability to be able to travel 15-20 miles a day.

We have been fighting for panthers ever since — to secure and protect the large interconnected tracts of wild land they need to expand their range northward, to foster understanding of these wide-ranging and secretive predators and to address a leading cause of panther deaths: collisions with vehicles while attempting to cross roads. Scientists estimate that only 80-100 of these critically endangered animals remain on earth. Atlanta, Georgia. There are an estimated 120-230 adults and subadults primarily in southwest Florida, the only breeding population.

However, the panthers have lost roughly 95% of their historic habitat, and their current range is now squeezed into a few protected areas such as Big Cypress National Preserve and Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge, as well as some private lands. Young females usually remain close to where they were born (less than 13 km; 8 mi.)

Female panthers have a higher survival rate and therefore tend to live longer than male panthers. A plan to restore the genetic health of Florida panthers was implemented in 1995.

Earthjustice’s work in the Arctic fights to save an irreplaceable ecosystem—one that is under constant threat from climate change and disruptive fossil fuel drilling—so that people and wildlife can rely on this thriving landscape for generations to come. Young males are often without a home range of their own.

Fish and Wildlife Service. Florida panthers are solitary in nature, except for females with kittens, and they do not form pair bonds with mates. Ages at death average 7.5 years for females and just over five years for males. From faraway places to our own backyard. Shades of individual animals may vary considerably from grayish to reddish to yellowish. Cougar adults are a uniform tan color with lighter fur on their lower chests, belly, and inner legs.

The solution is actually quite simple. Gestation: About 90 days Dispersal of young panthers, particularly males, has been greatly reduced in south Florida by human development.

2001. Dens are usually created  in a palmetto thicket. The home range of male panthers is about 520 square km (200 square miles or 128,494 acres) and the home range of female panthers is about 195 square km (75 square miles or 48,185 acres).

The Florida panther is one of the smaller cougar species in the Western Hemisphere.

Leaders in the Pacific Northwest must step up where federal agencies have failed. Within 2 years, it will hunt and live on its own. Pursuant to section 120.74, Florida Statutes, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has published its 2019 Agency Regulatory Plan. Final Performance Report 7506.

Florida panthers inhabit large forested communities and wetlands (Florida Natural Areas Inventory 2001).

Roadway mortality, which limits range expansion, is the largest human cause of panther deaths and lack of landowner acceptance can threaten recovery. Genetic restoration involved the release of eight female pumas (Puma concolor stanleyana) from Texas in 1995 into available panther habitat in South Florida.

Since 2010, there has been an uptick in panthers preying upon calves in commercial ranching operations. Exchange of genetic material between the two subspecies ceased as habitat in the southeastern U.S. became fragmented in the late 1800’s and throughout the 20th century. By 2003, the last three surviving Texas females were removed from the wild Florida population; no Texas pumas remain in the wild in Florida today. Florida panther home ranges average 75 and 150 square miles (194.25 and 388.5 square kilometers) for females and males, respectively.

Copyright 1999 - 2020 State of Florida. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission • Farris Bryant Building Since 1981 scientists have fitted many Florida panthers with radio collars to help keep track of their movements. Highlights of our work defending public lands, waters, and wildlife.

During the 1800’s and early 1900’s, habitat loss and hunting led to the panther’s near extinction.

Slow down and watch the roads for panthers if you are driving through panther habitat.
Florida panthers once prowled and flourished in woodlands and swamps throughout the Southeast.

The law makes change.

Panthers are habitat generalists, which means they use a variety of habitat types, including forests, prairies and swamps.

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